Q. When to use brackets?


Use brackets

to enclose the values that are the limits of a confidence interval.

  • Example:
    95% CIs [-7.2, 4.3], [9.2, 12.4], and [-1.2, -0.5]

to enclose parenthetical material that is already within parentheses.

  • Example:
    (The results for the control group [n = 8] are also presented in Figure 2.)

to enclose material inserted in a quotation by some person other than the original writer.

  • Example:
    "when [his own and others'] behaviors were studied" (Hanisch, 1992, p. 24)

to include nonroutine information in a reference

  • Example:
    Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, December 19). Shrink rap radio [Audio podcast].
         Retrieved from

  • Last Updated Apr 11, 2020
  • Views 12
  • Answered By Elham Abdallah

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