Q. How do I cite a source multiple times within the same paragraph?
If you are citing the same source several times within the same paragraph, use the following APA guidelines:
Sentence-level in-text citation guidelines
1. The first time you use the source in the paragraph as part of the sentence, give the citation of the author’s name and year (even if you already used a parenthetical citation).
Example: Grammer (2013) explained how practicing APA helped improve students’ writing skills.
2. The second and subsequent time you use this source in a sentence, you do not need to include the year.
Example: Grammer also mentioned that scholarly writing fostered critical thinking skills.
Parenthetical citation guidelines
1. The first time you use the source in the paragraph, you should give the full parenthetical in-text citation (surname, year).
Example: Writing is a learned form of communication (Grammer, 2013).
2. The second and subsequent time you use a parenthetical citation, you will still give the full in-text citation (surname, year).
Example: Using APA allows students to have consistency with other writings in their field of study (Grammer, 2013).
Note: You will never see only the author’s last name in a parenthetical citation—the parenthetical citation must always include the year.